The Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) was developed by Gray Cook and colleagues, the same group who developed the Functional Movement Systems. The SFMA is meant to be used in a diagnostic capacity for musculoskeletal assessment when pain is present. The SFMA consists of a series of ten functional movements designed to assess fundamental movement patterns of individuals with known musculoskeletal pain. These ten whole body functional movements are then further assessed via algorithms of impairment-based assessments called “breakouts” that dissect each pattern to identify the source of the dysfunction. The system is intended to help identify meaningful impairments, some of which may initially appear unrelated to the primary complaint, in order to facilitate the development and implementation of an individualized plan of care (POC).